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Linen is a textile fiber of the flax plant, Linum usitatissimum. Linen is labor manufacture, but when made into clothing, it is appreciated for its exceptionally fresh and cool in hot weather. It is superior cotton in this regard.
http:obéir> "> http://www.himfr.com/buy-obey_shirts/" obey shirtsTextiles> linen ground weaving of cotton, hemp, flax and other fibers can not be free, if improperly, referred to as "machine", which can render the exact meaning of Painting word in context. These fabrics generally have their own specific names other than linen, for example, the son of fine cotton in plain weave is called Madapolam
The term machine group is still often used generically to describe a range of fabrics and bed even knitted, bathroom, table and kitchen linen. The machine name is withheld because traditionally, linen was used for many of these items. In Historically, the word "machine" was also used to say underwear light, such as shirts, shirts, waistshirts, lingerie, and passes shirt and detachable cuffs, which were manufactured almost exclusively of linen.
Lin Textile seem to be some of the oldest in the world: their history goes back thousands of years. Fragments of straw, seeds, fibers, son, and various types of fabrics which date back to around 8000 BC have been found in Swiss lake dwellings. Linen was used in the Mediterranean in the pre-Christian.
Linen was sometimes used as currency in ancient Egypt. Egyptian mummies were wrapped in linen because it was considered as a symbol of light and purity, and as a display of wealth. Some of these fabrics, hand-woven yarns, were extremely thin and can not be combined with modern techniques of spinning.
Today linen is usually an expensive fabric, and is produced in quantities relatively low. It has a long "Basic" (individual fiber length) relative to cotton and other natural fibers. 
Flax fibers vary in length from 25-150 centimeters (18-55) and average 12-16 micrometers in diameter. There are two varieties: shorter tow fibers used for textiles and coarse fibers are used online for fine fabrics. Flax fibers can generally be identified by their "nodes" which add to the flexibility and texture of fabric.
The cross section of the flax fiber is composed of irregular polygonal shapes that contribute to the coarse texture of the fabric. 
Highly absorbent and a good heat conductor, woven fabric feels cool to the touch. Flax is the most strong plant fibers, 2 to 3 times the strength of cotton. It is smooth, which makes the situation becomes finished fabric lint free, and softer, it is cleaned. But creasing steadily in the same place in sharp folds tend to break the linen threads. This wear may appear in collars, hems, and any other area that is iron increased during bleaching. Linen has poor elasticity and does not come back easily, which explains why it wrinkles so easily.
Fabrics Flax has a high natural shine; natural color ranges between shades of ivory, ecru, beige, or gray. Pure white linen is created by bleaching heavy. Linen is generally thick and thin character with a keen sense and textured for her, but it can range from stiff and rough to soft and smooth. When properly prepared canvas, has the capacity to absorb and lose water rapidly. He can earn up to 20% moisture, without feeling damp. [Citation needed]
Freed from impurities, linen is highly absorbent and remove rapid transpiration of the skin. The linen fabric is rigid and is less likely to cling to the skin, when it flows on, it tends to dry and to cool so that the skin is constantly being hit by a cold surface. It is very durable, strong fabric, and one of the few that are very humid and dry conditions. The fibers are not scalable and resistant to damage from abrasion. However, because flax fibers have a very low elasticity, the fabric will eventually break if it is folded and ironed in the same place repeatedly.
Mildew, perspiration, and bleach can also damage the tissue, but it is resistant to moths and carpet beetles. Linen is relatively easy to handle, because it resists dirt and stains, has no lint or pilling tendency and can be dry cleaned, machine washed or steam. It can withstand temperatures high, and only moderate initial shrinkage. 
Linen should not be too dry by the dryer: it is much easier to Iron when damp. Linen wrinkles very easily, and so some more formal linen garments require ironing often to maintain smoothness perfect. Nevertheless, the tendency to wrinkle is often considered part of the fabric of particular "charm", and many modern linen garments are designed to be air dried on a hanger and a good range without the need for ironing.
A characteristic often associated with linen son today is the presence of "lumps", or small knots that occur randomly throughout its length. However, these sizes are in fact defects associated with low quality. The finest linen has very consistent diameter son, not flamed.
The standard measure of bulk linen yarn is the LEA. It is a specific length, or a grist indirect, ie the number of units of length by unit mass. A yarn having a size of 1 Lea give 300 yards per pound. The fine son used in handkerchiefs, etc. might be 40 Lea, and give 40×300 = 12.000 yards per pound. The symbol is NeL.
More commonly used in continental Europe is the metric system, Nm is the number of 1,000 m length per kilogram.
In China, the English unit of cotton, NEC, is common. Is the number of 840 yard lengths in a pound.
The quality of the finished machine often depends on growth conditions and harvesting techniques. To generate the longest possible fibers, flax is harvested by hand or by pulling the entire plant or stalks are cut very close to the root. After harvesting, the seeds are removed by a process Mechanized called "whisper" or by winnowing.
The fibers must then be released from the stem. This is done by retting. It is a process that uses bacteria to decompose the pectin that binds the fibers together. Natural methods of retting place in tanks and pools or directly in the fields. There are also chemical retting methods which are faster, but are generally worse the environment and the fibers themselves.
After retting, the stalks are ready to "jam", which takes place between August and December. Scutching removes the woody part of stalks by crushing them between two metal rollers so that the parts of the stem can be separated. Fibers are eliminated and the other parties such as flax seed, straw and tow are set aside for other uses. The short fibers are separated by heckling combs by "combing" them away, leaving behind only along the fibers of flax cloth.
After the fibers were separated and processed, they are usually spun son and woven or knit into linen textiles. These textiles can then be bleached, dyed, printed or finished with a number of treatments or coatings.  
An alternative production method is known as "cottonizing" which is faster and requires less hardware. The flax stalks are processed using traditional cotton machinery; However, the finished fibers often lose the aspect characteristic of linen.
Flax is grown in many parts of the world, but the high quality flax is primarily grown in Europe West. In recent years, most bulk linen production has moved to Eastern Europe and China, but the tissues high quality are still confined to specialist producers in Ireland, Italy and Belgium.
In the last 30 years of use Final linen has changed dramatically. About 70% of flax production in the 1990s was for apparel textiles, while in 1970 only about 5% was used for fashion fabrics.
Linen uses range from bed and bath fabrics (table cloths, tea towels, bed sheets, etc.), domestic and commercial Fixture (wall coverings wallpaper /, upholstery, window treatments, etc.), clothing (suits, dresses, skirts, shirts, etc.), industrial products (luggage, canvases, sewing thread, etc..)  He was Once the favorite son for the upper handsewing moccasin-style shoes (loafers), but its use has been replaced by synthetic products.
A linen handkerchief, pressed and folded to display the corners, was a standard design suitable for a well-dressed man in most of the first part of the 20th century.
Currently, researchers are working on a cotton / linen blend to create new son who will improve the feel of denim weather hot and humid .
Linen fabric is one of the preferred traditional supports for oil painting. In the U.S. cotton is popularly used instead as the machine is much more expensive there, limiting its use to professional painters. In Europe however, linen is usually the only fabric support available in art shops. Linen is preferred to cotton for its strength, durability and integrity of archives.
In the past linen was also used for books (the only example of which is the Linteus Liber). Because of its strength in Middle Ages linen was used for shields and gambeson (among other roles, such as using a rope), a bit like in ancient Classical and Hellenistic Greece machine was used to fold Hoplite armor. Also because of its strength when wet, cloth Ireland is a popular film cues pool, due to its absorption of sweat from his hands. Paper linen can be very strong and sharp, which explains why the United States and many other countries of printing paper money that is made of linen 25% and 75% cotton.
Flax has been used table coverings, bedspreads and clothing for centuries. The exclusivity of linen stems from the fact that it is difficult and time consuming to produce (Linen it requires attention to its growth). Flax is difficult to weave because of its lack of elasticity, and therefore is more expensive to manufacture as cotton. The benefits of linen, however, are unmatched.
The Living Linen Project was created in 1995 as an oral archive of knowledge of Irish linen industry still available within a nucleus of people who were formerly working in the industry in Ulster. There is a long history linen in Ireland.
The use of linen for priestly vestments is not limited to the Israelites, but from Plutarch, who lived and wrote a century after the birth of Christ, we also know that the priests of Isis wore linen because of its purity.
When the tomb of Pharaoh Ramses II which died in 1213 BC, was discovered in 1881, the linens were in a state of perfect preservation – after more than 3000 years.
In the Belfast Library there is preserved the mummy of "kabool," the daughter of a priest of Ammon, who died 2,500 years ago. The linen on this mummy is in a state like perfection. When the tomb was opened Tutankamen, the linen curtains were found intact.
Formerly, in almost every country, every family grew flax and wove for his own use, but the first evidence of an established linen industry are 4000 years, and we come from Egypt. Written documentation of an earlier linen industry comes from the Linear B tablets of Pylos, Greece, where the machine is depicted as an ideogram, and also wrote "ri" no "(Greek: Linon ?????,), and women are machine labeled as "ri-ne-ja" lineia (??????,)  .
The Phoenicians, who, with their merchant fleet, has opened new trade routes for the peoples of the Mediterranean, in addition to the development of tin mines of Cornwall, introduced flax growing and the manufacture of linen in Ireland before the birth of Christ, but the internal dissensions, which even in those early days were prevalent in Erin, militated against the creation of an organized industry, and it is not until the twelfth century that we can find records of a clear attempt systematize flax production.
When the Edict of Nantes was revoked in the year 1695, many Huguenots who fled the country installed in the British Isles, and among them was Louis Crommelin, who was born and grew up as a weaver of linen in the town of Cambrai. He fled to Ulster and eventually settled in the town of Lisburn, about ten miles from Belfast.
During the late war Cambrai became well known as one of the centers of fighting the most desperate. The name "cambric" is derived from that city.
Although the linen industry was already established in Ulster, Louis Crommelin found scope for improvement in weaving, and his efforts have been such a success he was appointed by the government to develop the industry on a much wider range. that the weak limit of Lisburn and surroundings. The direct result of his good work was the creation, under the law, the board of Linen Manufacturers of Ireland in the year 1711.
In the Jewish religion, the only law on the tissues that can be used together in the clothes as regards the mixture flax and wool. This mixture is called shaatnez and is clearly limited in Deuteronomy 10:11 p.m. "Thou shalt not wear a material mixed of wool and linen together "and Leviticus 19:19, "'… and there will be upon you a garment of two kinds of things mixed together." He no explanation for this effect in the Torah and any attempt to explain the restriction is generally regarded as futile. This a type of law known as hukim, a law beyond the capacity of man to understand.
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