Cleaning Association Of South Africa
World Bank Clean Energy Investment
Between 1990 and 2007, the World Bank Group has committed approximately $ 11.4 billion to clean energy. From this, new renewables and energy efficiency have each received $ 3.1 billion, while $ 5.2 billion went to hydropower projects with a capacity exceeding 10 MW per facility.
Renewable energy and efficiency projects Energy continues to perform strongly in the energy portfolio of the WBG and are increasingly integrated in energy loans WBG. For the year 2007 a total of 63 $ 1.43bn supported renewable energy and energy efficiency projects in 32 countries. This represents a scale of 67 percent up commitments for the year 2006. WBG support can be broken down into $ 421 for new renewables, $ 751m for hydro power is greater than 10 MW and 262 million for energy efficiency. Since 2001, the WBG lending for energy own has increased markedly.
The average share of "clean" (eg solar, wind, clean coal) of energy investment total energy (which includes the standard fossil fuels has doubled since 1990-94 to 25 per cent in 2005-07 and reached 40 percent in fiscal 2007 (year Tax World Bank ends June 30).
The World Bank Group (WBG) is composed of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) the International Development Association (IDA), the International Finance Corporation (IFC), the Multilateral Investment Guarantee (MIGA) and the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID). In addition to the ICSID, each plays a role in the energy investment own.
Sub-Saharan Africa received $ 735 million in renewable energy and energy efficiency commitments for 12 projects which accounted for 51 percent of the total energy lending own. The majority of these commitments have been devoted to large hydropower projects, followed by investments in improving energy efficiency. Eleven projects have been developed in South Asia, which accounted $ 183 million in funding devoted mainly to renewable energy. In East Asia and Pacific, Latin America and the Middle East and North Africa regions, WBG activities have also focused on renewable energies. However, activities in Europe and Central Asia has focused on improving energy efficiency, which has attracted $ 97 million in commitments.
Bias in Human Genomic Studies